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September 11, 2018

The Begining Language In The World

On this earth, there are various kinds of languages, such as Indonesian, English, Japanese, Russian, Korean and many more. Language is important thing in this world, because without it we can't understand what people say. You might wondering how many languages humans use in the world. A recent research reveals the number, which is 7,000 languages and is used by nearly seven billion people. But do you know what is first language in this world?

Until now, the use of the first language in the world still cannot be known with certainty. However, there are several theories that say that the first language in the world is one of the four languages, namely Arabic, Hebrew, Aramaic, or Bo. Let's discuss the four languages one by one.

1. Arabic


Arabic is the strongest candidate for the first language in the world. Indeed, this earth is inhabited by humans with various nations, tribes, races and thousands of languages. But if all the nations were traced to their genealogy, it would be known that all nations came from the Arabian Peninsula. This is inseparable from the birth of Prophet Adam, who was the first human in the world.

Prophet Adam was sent down to earth by Allah SWT in the Arabian Peninsula. He has children, grandchildren and offspring who are also in Arabia. One of the descendants of Prophet Adam is Noah. At that time, humans were only in the form of one nation, the people of Noah. The great floods destroyed almost all humans (the people of Noah), and only a few people survived, including Noah and his three children, namely Yafits, Sam, and Ham.

These three children who bring down all the nations in the world, Sam lowered the Middle East, Europe and parts of Africa, the Yafits lowered the peoples of East, Southeast, parts of the south, west, American Indians, poles and parts of Europe, while Ham brought down the Negro (Africa, Papua, Melanesia Pacific, Aboriginal, Maori) and some whites in western Asia and Europe.

The language used by Prophet Adam is Arabic, because this language according to some scholars is the language of the inhabitants of heaven. Prophet Adam when he came down to earth had spoken in Arabic, and of course the descendants of Prophet Adam also spoke Arabic, including the language of Noah.

Another Theory

There are many theories about the origin of language in this World. Some people say, Arabic has existed since the Prophet Adam. This is the interpretation of the Qur'an of surah al-Baqarah verse 31 "that Allah has taught the knowledge of the names to Adam". The language used by Adam is interpreted as Arabic. So, this language is the first language people use.

The second opinion says Arabic is a Semitik language family which is a descendant of Afroasiatic clan. According to modern experts, the language in the world originally came from the first human settlement area, which is around Asia and Africa. Languages that are born from this area in the next few years have reached hundreds of new forms of language used by most of the world's population.

This language is called Afro-Asiatic or Afrasian or Hamito Semitic, a term introduced by Maurice Delafosse (1914). This language carries about 400 different languages, some of which are extinct. One of them, is the Semitic language family, which houses the Arabic language in the language classification tree.

The Semitic word is derived from Shem (Sham) the son of Noah, the ancestors of Ibrahim and Ismail. This language family is thought to have existed in the Middle East since the fourth century BC, then evolved into the Mesopotamian culture and reached Syria.

It also reduced the Akkadian (extinct), Hebrew, and Aramaic languages widely used in ancient literature. Abd Rauf bin Dato 'Hassan Azhari in "History and Origins of Arabic: A Linguistic Review of Sejarawi", Pertanika Journal of Soc Sci & Hum 2004, reinforced the view.

"If analyzed in terms of clause context, there are many similarities between Semitic and ancient Arabic languages," he said. For example, in the phonological element, the elements of flexion (al-i'rab), and plural form. Research shows, Arabic also has many similarities with Hebrew, fellow Semitic clan.

2. Hebrew


Hebrew is a Semitic language of the Afro-Asian branch of the language which is the official language of Israel, and is spoken by some Jews around the world. The Hebrew language refers to one of several Canaanite dialects. This language is said to have existed before the time of 500 BC.

The Canaan language is closely associated with Aramaic as well as with Southern-Central Arabic in lesser extent. While the other Canaanite dialects were extinct, the Hebrew language continued to exist. Hebrews developed as a spoken language in Israel from the 10th century BC to the days before the Byzantine Age in the 3rd or 4th centuries AD. Subsequently the Hebrew language was continued as a literary language to the Modern Era as a 19th-century spoken language.

As the citizenship of the term "Hebrew" referring to the ancient Israelites, but, as a language, the word "Hebrew" refers to one of several Canaanite dialects.
"" Hebrew is a branch of the Canaanites and the Amorites, or rather the Canaanites and the Amorites are the ancestral dialects through which the two Hebrew growths can be explained. "(Interpreter's Dictionary of the Bible, vol.2, 552). "

The Hebrew (Israel) and Moabit (Jordan) can be called the southern Canaanic dialect while the Phoenician (Lebanese) can be called the northern Canaanite dialect. The Canaan language is closely associated with Aramaic as well as with Southern-Central Arabic in lesser extent. While the other Canaanite dialects were extinct, the Hebrew language continued to exist. Hebrews developed as a spoken language in Israel from the 10th century BC to the days before the Byzantine Age in the 3rd or 4th centuries AD. Subsequently the Hebrew language was continued as a literary language to the Modern Era as a 19th-century spoken language.

Hebrews has five main stages of development , namely:

   - Ancient Hebrew (before 500 BC)
   - Hebrew Scriptures (~ 500-200 BC; eg in Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther)
   - Hebrew Mishnah (~ 200 BC - 600 M; eg Qumran manuscript scroll)
   - Hebrew Rabbi (~ 600-1800 M)
   - Modern Hebrew (20th century to present)

3. Aramaic 

Aramaic is a Semitic language which is used of 3,000 years ago. This language 
was once the language of various imperial governments and languages for religious ceremonies. Aramaic is the original language of most of the books of Daniel and Ezra in the Bible, and is the main language used in the Talmud. This language is also the mother tongue of Jesus Christ. Modern Aramaic is now spoken as the first language for many scattered communities, especially by Assyrians and Chaldeans. This language is considered a threatened language.

Aramaic belongs to the Afro-Asian language family which consists of various languages. This language is part of the Semitic subfamily. Aram is part of the Northwest Semitic group, which is also a Canaanite language (like Hebrew). Aramaic is also related to Arabic, being part of the Middle Semitic family; one source that is most likely for Arabic script is the Aramaic Nabatae script.

4. Bo Language


Bo is one of the 10 languages of the Great Andaman Tribe which is used to track the pre-Neolithic period where humans first walked out of Africa. This tribe is the first first generation of humans to migrate from Africa around 70 thousand years ago and arrived in the Andaman Islands 65 thousand years ago. The rest of the group then spread to Indonesia and Australia.

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